Bald Eagle

Range Map
Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Most of us know the Bald Eagle is the national symbol for the USA. They live across most of the North American continent. Once quite common throughout its range, their numbers declined steadily from the mid-to-late 1900s. Trapping, shooting, poisoning and pesticides were the culprits. Protective measures have helped this bird recover to near its former numbers.

I’ve seen Bald Eagles nesting in San Diego County, but because the birds were at such a great distance, I did not attempt a photograph. Until recently, the photos I’d captured had all been from outside California, in places such as Oregon, Canada, Montana, and New Mexico. In 2022, I took a long trip up the Pacific Coast and enjoyed encounters on Washington’s Olympic Peninsula. Later, during the same trip, I met these birds in Wyoming and again in Canada.

Today’s science recognises two subspecies of Bald Eagle:

  • H. l. leucocephalus lives in Alaska and Canada east to Labrador and Nova Scotia, south in the USA to Oregon, Utah, Kansas and Illinois. Some Alaskan and Canadian populations winter from coastal Alaska and Canada south to the USA and Mexico.
  • H. l. washingtoniensis lives in southern USA to northwestern Mexico.

.

Click map markers to reveal further information