Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Range Map

Most of us know the Bald Eagle is the national symbol for the USA. They live across most of the North American continent. Once quite common throughout its range, their numbers declined steadily from the mid-to-late 1900s. Trapping, shooting, poisoning and pesticides were the culprits. Protective measures have helped this bird recover to near its former numbers.

I’ve seen the Bald Eagles nesting in San Diego County, but because the birds were at such a great distance, I did not attempt a photograph. The photos I’ve captured have all been from outside California, in places such as Oregon, Canada, Montana, and New Mexico.

Today’s science recognises two subspecies of Bald Eagle:

  • H. l. leucocephalus lives in Alaska and Canada east to Labrador and Nova Scotia, south in the USA to Oregon, Utah, Kansas and Illinois. Some Alaskan and Canadian populations winter from coastal Alaska and Canada south to the USA and Mexico.
  • H. l. washingtoniensis lives in southern USA to northwestern Mexico.

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