Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula
Range Map

We once thought The Baltimore Oriole and the Bullock’s Oriole were the same species. We called it the Northern Oriole. In 1995, committees who make such decisions, split the species into the two orioles we know today. The Bullock’s being a western bird and the Baltimore an eastern bird, but the two birds barely look alike.

The breeding range for the Baltimore Oriole is most of the lower Mississippi Valley and northwest into Alberta (Canada), and east to New England and Southeast Canada. Some of them winter in Florida and Cuba, but many fly to Mexico and South America.

I met this bird briefly in Canada in 2005, while on an expedition to Alaska. But my best meetings came while I visited south Texas in the spring of 2020 and 2021, where I enjoyed these birds in migration.

Today, science regards the Baltimore Oriole as monotypic (i.e. there are no subspecies).


Click map markers to reveal further information