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Fox Sparrow

Passerella iliaca

Fox Sparrows are North America’s largest sparrow. There are four different forms of this bird (“Red”, “Sooty”, “Slate-colored”, and “Large-billed”) and their range covers most of North America, north of Mexico. Some birds will winter in northern Baja California in Mexico. There is disagreement among scientists as to whether the four “groups” should be given full species status.

Breeding birds will migrate to the northern Rocky Mountains, the northern Sierra Nevada Range of California and Oregon, but most will travel as far north as British Columbia and Alaska, east to the Hudson Bay region and all the way to Labrador and Nova Scotia Canada.

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