Hooded Oriole

Icterus cucullatus

In California, the Hooded Oriole is fond of nesting in palm trees. They mostly spent winters on the Pacific coast of southern Mexico and summers in northern Mexico and just over the border in the USA and much of coastal California. One subspecies breeds in southern Texas, and in 2020 when I met them. Their softer calls contrasted with the sharp whistling calls of the birds I’d met in California.

Science recognises five subspecies of Hooded Oriole. I.c. cucullatus lives in the Rio Grande valley in Texas and south through Mexico to Oaxaca and Veracruz. I.c. sennetti lives from the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas south along the coastal plain into Tamaulipas. I.c. igneus lives in southern Mexico from East Tabasco and the Yucatán peninsula south into Belize. I.c. nelsoni lives from California south to North Baja California, and east into Arizona and New Mexico. I.c. trochiloides lives in Baja California and the Mexican mainland.

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