Rivoli’s Hummingbird

Range Map
Eugenes fulgens

From the mid-1980s until recently, this bird was called the Magnificent Hummingbird. When this species was first described in the late 1820s, the name given to the birds was Rivoli’s Hummingbird. Once again, reviving the old name.

These birds are rarely seen in the USA. They breed from the extreme southwestern United States south through much of Mexico and Central America. In the USA, they breed in the mountains of southeastern Arizona, including the Santa Ritas, the Catalinas, the Huachucas, the Chiricahuas, and the Pinaleno mountains (Mount Graham), and in extreme southwestern New Mexico.

Most modern research supports the view that the Rivoli’s Hummingbird is monotypic (i.e. no subspecies), though some authors claim E. f. viridiceps, living in southern Mexico and northern Nicaragua, is a valid subspecies.

These birds are the second largest hummingbird found in the USA. Only the Blue-Throated Hummingbird is larger.

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