Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris
Range Map

By far the most common hummingbird found east of the Mississippi River is the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. Winters find these birds in Central America, southern Mexico, and Florida. Come spring, they move north into most of eastern North America as far as southern Canada. This is the largest range of any hummingbird.

Closely related to Black-Chinned Hummingbirds, they can be difficult to identify where their ranges overlap. The gorget color differs in the male birds, but the differences in the females are not as obvious.

My only meetings with Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds have been in south Texas during Spring Migration. It appeared to me that the sexes migrated at different times, and some days on South Padre Island (Texas) there were more boys than girls, and other days the girls outnumbered the boys.

Modern science views this bird as monotypic (i.e. there are no subspecies).

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