Galleries » Bird Galleries » Sparrow Group » White-Crowned Sparrow

White-Crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys

The White-Crowned Sparrow, with all of its subspecies (five are recognised), breeds from the Rocky Mountain and Great Basin states, north to Alaska and Arctic Canada. These birds thrive at ground level and in low bushes and trees. They are common in the west and not so common in the east. Nests are usually built near the ground on small trees or shrubs, but in the tundra of the high Arctic where there are no shrubs or trees, they will nest on the ground.

Some subspecies are resident and do not migrate, but others travel significant distances each year. For example, the nuttalli subspecies remain year round on the central coast of California, but the gambelii subspecies make journeys from Alaska and Canada to as far south as the southern USA and central Mexico.

Click map markers to reveal further information