Yellow-Bellied Flycatcher

Empidonax flaviventris

Of all the difficult Empidonax birds to identify, this bird might be the exception. Like their cousins, the Least Flycatchers, they breed across Canada’s southern tier and to a lesser extent, the northern USA in the Great Lakes and northern New England. Their choice of habitat for their summer homes is boreal bogs and spruce woods, where insects such as Black Flies can make life miserable for birders trying to find them.

Their stay on the breeding grounds is one of the shortest of any migratory bird. Usually they stay for only about 70 days before they head south to Mexico and Central America.

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