Hummingbirds are among the smallest of birds. They are also the only group of birds able to fly backwards. Species shown in this gallery are Allen’s Hummingbird, Anna’s Hummingbird, Black-Chinned Hummingbird, Broad-Billed Hummingbird, Broad-Tailed Hummingbird, Calliope Hummingbird, Costa’s Hummingbird, Magnificent Hummingbird, and Rufous Hummingbird.
All Birds » Hummingbirds
The Allen's and Rufous Hummingbirds can be very difficult to differentiate in the field. The the Allen's Hummingbird breeds only along a narrow strip of coastal California and southern Oregon.
Without a doubt, the Anna's Hummingbird is the most common hummingbird found on the west coast, where in some areas they are year round residents. San Diego County is such a place.
The Broad-billed Hummingbird is a temporary (summer) breeding visitor to Southeastern Arizona. These images were captured in Tucson and in the Huachuca Mountains.
The Broad-Tailed Hummingbird summers in the sub-alpine meadows of the Rocky Mountains, sometimes as far north as Southern Idaho and Wyoming.
North America's smallest bird has a very long migration. This bird flies from Central America to as far north as Canada to breed. There it often seeks out high elevations to nest.
The Costa's Hummingbird is a desert specialist. In the extreme heat of the summer it will look for cooler habitats nearby (up-slope and wooded habitat).
The Magnificent Hummingbird was known as Rivoli's Hummingbird until the mid-1980s. It is rarely seen in the USA except in Southeastern Arizona.
The Rufous Hummingbird has a much wider distribution than its cousin, the Allen's Hummingbird.